This article covers group submission assignments, in which students participate in peer assessment as a group.
How does a Group Assignment work?
In group assignments, students submit their work as a group (one submission per group).
Reviewing, however, is an individual process, in which each student completes their own reviewing work. Depending on the settings the instructor selects, students complete 1 to 3 reviews. This recommended number of reviews per student is lower in group assignments to avoid excessive feedback workload.
Finally, the Feedback step is a group process. Any student in the group can compose and edit feedback responses.
How to Set Up a Group Assignment
Note: If you are using Peerceptiv in an LMS, please always start by creating an assignment link in your LMS first, and then use that link to access Peerceptiv.
1. Select New Assignment. The easiest way to add a standard group peer assessment assignment is to first click Choose a Standard Workflow and then select the Group Peer Assessment workflow. This will create a standard group peer assessment and you are able to edit the settings and add a rubric later.
The following directions will describe what to do if you select to Build a Custom Assignment.
2. Assignment Type: Choose Peer Assessment. A peer assessment assignment allows students to submit a work product and rate and review their peers' work. If you are interested in Peer Evaluation Only, in which students only evaluate group participation (and do not assess a submission), please see this article.
3. Submission: choose Student Groups. When you do that, you will have the option to add a peer evaluation stage to your group submission assignment. Adding this stage to your assignment will incorporate it into the overall grade for the assignment. If you would like the grades to be separate, we recommend creating two different assignments: one for group submission and one for peer evaluation.
4. Review: keep the default Peer Reviews unless the assignment will only be graded by the instructor/TA with no student peer review.
5. Feedback: It is your choice whether or not to include a Feedback phase. Including it will require students to rate all comments for helpfulness and respond to each comment. This step holds students accountable for quality reviewing, but it can be removed if there are time constraints or concerns about excess work for students.
6. Details: Add an assignment name and description. If you have a detailed description posted elsewhere, you can simply refer students to that description or post the full description in both places. Click Next to move to the submission type screen.
7. Submission Types: If all of the default submission types are allowed, students can choose to either upload a file, post a link, or directly type their submission into Peerceptiv (they must choose only one of these methods). If students post a link, please remind them to make sure that any sharing or privacy settings are set to allow peer reviewers access. To remove a submission type, click on that type and it will not be allowed, as shown by a red X instead of a green check.
- Only one submission can be uploaded per group per assignment. If students need to upload multiple files, have them create a Zip file and upload that folder.
- Peerceptiv has a 1G file limit. If students will be submitting files beyond that size, please deselect ‘File’ and have students link to the file after they post it online.
- We recommend selecting "Link" for all video submission assignments. Students must upload a link to their video on YouTube, Google Drive, Vimeo, or another video hosting service.
8. Review: Select the number of reviews each student will complete. We recommend requiring each student to complete 2 reviews in a group assignment. This lessens the reviewing burden for students and still allows for valid and reliable grades in a group assignment.
9. Advanced Reviewing Options:
- Allow extra, bonus reviews allows students to complete additional reviews beyond the required ones for extra credit. Each additional review completed will count as 10% added to the task grade. Students can only complete the same number of bonus reviews as required reviews. For example, if there are 3 required reviews, a student could complete up to 3 additional bonus reviews for a total of 30 percentage points added to the task grade. Bonus reviews that are started and not completed are counted against the student’s reviewing task grade. If bonus reviews are enabled, students may get above a 100% for their task grade.
- Allow students who haven't submitted to peer review permits students to review peer documents without having submitted their own. They are not allowed to submit after they begin the reviewing process. This option must be checked in situations where not everyone who reviews has to submit, like in presentation assignments when only a portion of the students submit on a given day and then the rest review those submissions without submitting their own work to that assignment. Students who do not submit will get a 0 for their submission grade and will not be able to participate in the feedback phase, but they will get a grade for the reviews that they complete.
- Require students to perform a self-review will require students to use the rubric to assess their own submission. Their ratings will not be counted toward the overall grade.
10. Feedback: If the assignment has a Feedback stage, you can choose to accept the default prompt and ratings or edit them to have students focus on the specific criteria that the reviewers should include.
11. Grading Options
- Grading Style
- Curved Grading uses the mean and standard deviation set by the instructor to generate the submission and reviewing grades.
- Benchmarking allows instructors to set the grading curve based on the highest and lowest ranked submissions. After the reviewing period is over, the instructor will grade the top 5 and bottom 5 submissions. The grades given to those 10 submissions set a linear curve that is used to generate the submission grades for all submissions.
The mean and standard deviation will be used to generate the reviewing accuracy and helpfulness grades in both curved and benchmarked grades.
- Teacher Review Impact
- Regular Review means that any instructor or TA reviews completed will count the same as a student review in terms of determining the submission grade. For example, if there are 3 student reviews and 1 instructor review, each review will count approximately 25% towards the student’s submission grade.
- Override Student Reviews means that the instructor or TA ratings are the only ratings that will be used to determine the student’s submission grades. If there is no instructor review on a document, then the student ratings will determine the grade.
- Grade Release
- Automatic grade release will publish the results immediately after the final assignment deadline passes. If the course is linked to the LMS, the overall assignment grade will be sent to the LMS grade book. Students will also be able to see their grade and the reviews on their document after grades are released.
- Manual grade release means that an instructor or TA must release the results to students, giving the instructor a chance to review and approve the grades before the students see them. Students will not be able to see their grades, their average ratings, or the comments on their submission until the results are released.
- Grade curve
A mean of 85 and a standard deviation of 10 has been shown to produce grades as valid and reliable as those by an expert reviewer. However, instructors can use the default settings or set their own mean and standard deviation.
If the assignment would generate high grades if graded by an instructor (for example, if it’s a low-stakes assignment where the students would likely generally receive an A on the assignment, consider raising the mean.
- Grade weight
Set the amount each grading category will count towards the overall percentage grade. The default 40% submission grade, 40% reviewing grade, and 20% task grade has been shown to generate overall grades that are as valid and reliable as instructor grades.
Adjust the numerical percentage amounts on the right with the arrows or type in the desired percentages. The total must be 100.
12. Deadlines: Set the publication date (when students will be able to view the assignment), the submission deadline, reviewing deadline, and feedback deadline. To edit these dates, click on the calendar, the end date, or the duration. The publication can be set for the current date but all other dates all must be future dates.
Peerceptiv recommends allowing at least 2 days for each phase, with a longer reviewing phase for assignments that will take students a significant amount of time to complete the required reviews in a thoughtful manner.
Note: The deadline time is set at the course level to reduce confusion. After setting up the assignment, you can edit the deadline time setting for a particular assignment if desired.
13. Advanced Settings
- Convert document submissions to PDF is recommended for optimal reviewing experience. However, if the file submission is a spreadsheet, Powerpoint with audio files, zip file, video file, or other file format that does not convert to PDF, please uncheck this box.
- Send email notifications will remind students when a phase has begun, when there is 24 hours before a deadline and the student has not completed a task, and when the grades are released.
If not all students are completing every assignment phase or if students are not completing all of the assignments set up in Peerceptiv, we recommend that you uncheck this setting.
14. Click Finish to finalize the settings and open the assignment in your course.
How to Create Groups
You must have students in the course roster to create groups, unless you plan to have students create their own groups. After making sure that your course roster is populated with students, you can then proceed with group creation.
First, click on the Groups tab on the left side bar.
Options for Creating Groups:
- Click New Group to create a group manually. Then, click the plus sign on that group and click Add Members to select students from the roster to put into the group. You can rename the group by clicking on the group name and changing it.
- Upload Group List in the required format using a CSV spreadsheet (tip: convert your Excel spreadsheet to a CSV file to do this) or copy and paste from an Excel or other spreadsheet.
- Group Sync will allow you to directly import groups from the LMS. This option will only appear if group sync has been set up by your institution's LMS administrator. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org if you want to add this option or believe it should be available.
After you click Group Sync the first time, you will need to give permission for Peerceptiv to access the LMS group information. Then select the set of groups in the LMS that you want to add in Peerceptiv. Note: If you are using group sync for multiple courses, please remember to go back to the LMS and open Peerceptiv from the LMS for each class before clicking Group Sync. Otherwise you risk pulling the wrong student groups into an assignment.
You can click Group Sync at any point to bring over the groups as they are currently set up in the LMS. If the groups have changed in the LMS, you should click Group Sync again to apply those changes in Peerceptiv. However, changing the groups during the review or evaluation phase of an assignment may result in students needing to complete additional assignment tasks.
4. Click the settings gear icon to select to Auto Generate Groups, Copy Groups from a Past Assignment, or Delete All Groups.
5. Click the toggle bar to turn off student group self management. If it is on (green check mark), students are able to request to join a group and form groups on their own. If it is off (red X), students cannot create, leave, or edit the groups.
6. Click the Students tab and then click on a particular student’s name to add them to a group that has already been created. You can move students from one group to another and search for students who are not yet in groups.
Group Management Notes:
- Unless you plan to have students manage their own groups, please make sure the groups are correct before the assignment review phase opens.
- You can delete a group by clicking on the three dots to the right of the group name.
- You can move a student from one group to another at any time. However, if you move a student while the assignment is open (assignment tasks are available), it may change the number of tasks a student has to complete and whether that student will have received any reviews.