This article covers Rubric Best Practices for:
Commenting Prompt Best Practices:
- For most assignments, we recommend having four or fewer commenting prompts (dimensions).
- We also recommend only requiring one comment for each commenting prompt, although you could have up to three comments per dimension.
- Peerceptiv is designed to encourage high-level critical thinking among students. The research behind Peerceptiv has shown that feedback focused entirely on grammar reduces students' critical thinking and becomes simply a means for editing.
- The best writing-related reviewing prompts are focused on higher-level concepts like the content, organization, and argument structure of a student’s work. Minimize reviewing prompts dealing with grammar or formatting.
Rating Prompt Best Practices:
- Each rating prompt should focus on only one aspect of the dimension: This helps learners pay close and thoughtful attention to one element at a time.
- Use learner-friendly language: Use words your learners know and discuss the rubrics in class.
- Have clear differences between levels: This helps students accurately and reliably rate the quality of each aspect.
- Decide how many rating levels are best: Most instructors use 3-5 rating levels in each prompt.
- Encourage a spread of ratings: Have multiple rating levels that cover a wide range so a student has to earn the highest rating.
- Weight some rating prompts more than others: Use weighting to convert a points-based rubric to a Peerceptiv rubric.
- Leave rating levels blank if you do not want them to appear in your rubric. If you want a “middling” rating level, type in the number of the level to give students a “between” option.
Rating Prompt Descriptors Should:
- Use objective language rather than subjective terms like “good” or “poor.” Whenever possible, define, specify, or give an example of the quality of work at each level.
- Foster a growth mindset. Use descriptors that encourage students to improve rather than language that only points out shortcomings.
- Use words and phrases that create distinct dimension levels:
- Frequency: never, rarely, sometimes, often, always
- Amount: less than 2, 3-4, 5-6, 7+; no more than 50%, over half
- Quality: poorly, well, thoroughly; satisfactory, exemplar
- Proficiency: developing, emerging, mastery, expert
- Actions: lacks X; includes X; includes and develops X; includes, develops, and analyzes X
Checklist for Creating an Effective Rubric
- These commenting prompts encourage students to provide constructive criticism that brings out strengths and weaknesses in the document.
- This rubric is designed to avoid reviewer burn-out.
- This rubric uses language that my students are familiar with to describe each dimension.
- This rubric has clear, objective differences between each rating level.
- This rubric is designed for learners at their current level.